Dating of the book of mark

08 Jan

The similarity between the broad outline of this Gospel and Peter’s sermon in Caesarea [Galilee, Jerusalem, Passion, Resurrection, Commission] (Acts -43) A. Clement of Alexandria and Origen affirmed that Mark wrote during Peter’s lifetime with Peter’s ratification, thus placing the date of the epistle between A. If the statements are not contradictory than a date would be in the early to mid-sixties 4. This is evidence that Jesus’ kingdom has come near to those people F.

The usual discussion of date revolves around the synoptic problem and especially Marcan priority. Because Marcan priority is not a necessary prerequisite to the synoptic problem, either option is possible allowing for all of the synoptics to have been written before A. Mark’s subjects are related with unusual candor and vividness (Jesus’ hearers who are amazed, disciples who do not understand, Jesus who has emotions and compassion) G.

He was a Jewish Christian whose mother, Mary, owned a home in Jerusalem where the early church met (Acts ) b. He went with Barnabas and Saul (Paul) on the first missionary journey, but turned back to Jerusalem when they went inland to Asia at Perga in Pamphylia (Acts 13:5,13) e.

On the second missionary journey Barnabas wanted to take John-Mark along, but Paul refused because of his earlier defection, so Barnabas took Mark to Cyprus where he probably encouraged him (Acts -41) f.

There is evidence that the author was connected with Peter: a. Mark uses the historical present over 150 times making Jesus a contemporary of those reading (narrative tells what happens, not simply what happened) 5.

The vividness and detail suggest reminiscences of a close eyewitness such as Peter (-20,29-31,35-38; -24,35-43; ,53-54; -15; ,46; -42) b. It is possible that the statements are not contradictory: a. Mark uses detail in his narrative to heighten the sense of being there (names, pillow in the boat, wild beasts in the wilderness, nicknaming of James and John, etc.) 6.

Mark was considered to be an abstract of Matthew from Augustine until the early part of the nineteenth century (Guthrie, p. Even though the parallels of “Mark” in Matthew and Luke are striking, it is entirely possible that they are using a similar source which Mark used (Ur-Mark/pre-Marcan) 3. Early testimony of the church is divided about when Mark was written (e.g., before or after the martyrdom of Peter, A. The rest of the narrative (36%) is devoted to events of the Passion Week (11:1--16:8).

Matthew was an Apostle, so one wonders why in his composition of a gospel account he would depend so heavily upon another’s eyewitness account (e.g., the banquet held in his own house (Matthew 9:9-13; Mark -17) see Toussaint, p. Since the first church was Jewish and Matthew’s gospel is characteristically Jewish, it is reasonable to consider Matthew as the first gospel designed to address the early concerns of the Jews B. Mark has been called a Passion story with an introduction H.

So Mark made no mistake in thus recording some things just as he remembered them. 130-202) also agrees with the Mark-Peter correlation:“And after their [Peter’s and Paul’s] death, Mark, the disciple and interpreter of Peter, himself also handed down to us in writing the things preached by Peter” to Mark (A. 160-180) mentions Mark as the Gospel writer and connects him with Peter:“...

For he was careful of this one thing, to omit none of the things he had heard and to make no untrue statements therein. Mark declared, who is called ‘stumb-fingered’ because he had short fingers in comparison with the size of the rest of his body. After the death of Peter himself he wrote down this same gospel in the regions of Italy.” is the realm where some questions are raised, but they are not determinative to overthrow Marcan authorship 1.

John-Mark is mentioned elsewhere in the biblical material: a. He was added to Paul and Barnabas’ party when they visited Jerusalem for the famine relief (Acts ) d.

There is evidence in Mark that it was written for Gentiles (perhaps from Rome): a. Mark interprets Hebrew (Aramaic) words (; ,34; ) c. There is evidence that the writer was from Palestine: a. Mark assumes that his readers are familiar with the main characters, so he writes with more of a theological interest rather than a biological interest 10.

Mark uses Roman time rather than Hebrew time (; ) d. He is familiar with the geography of Palestine, especially Jerusalem (5:1; ; ; 11:1; 13:3) b. Mark addresses his readers more directly by explaining the meaning for them of particular actions and statements (,28; ) 11.