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The following provision of Indian constitution makes it unitary Article I of the Constitution describes India as a ‘Union of States’, which implies two things: firstly, it is not the result of an agreement among the States and secondly, the States have no freedom to secede or separate from the Union.Besides, the Constitution of the Union and the States is a single framework from which neither can get out and within which they must function.It has been the matter of debate among the scholars that whether the constitution of India is completely federal or unitary in nature.

In this system the central government and the governments of the units act within a well defined sphere, co-ordinate and at the same time act independently. Wheare defines federal government as an association of states, which has been formed for certain common purposes, but in which the member states retain a large measure of their original independence.

But for the very clear picture of this conclusion first of all we have to know that what is the federal constitution and what is unitary constitution.

What feature of Indian constitution makes it federal or what features makes it unitary.

In Indian constitution the powers of state and centre are clearly defined and there are very clear limits of both the centre and the state for law making powers. The State List consists of 66 subjects of local interest such as Public Health, Police etc.

The Concurrent List has 47 subjects important to both the Union and the State such as Electricity, Trade Union, Economic and Social Planning, etc.